Preparing for an exhibition, University of Hawaii at Manoa assistant professor Hongtao Zhou was struck by how closely topography could resemble typography . The wooden blocks first developed in China for printing suddenly looked like little buildings to him. What if words—in Chinese characters, even braille—took on the shape of what they’re describing? So text about Shanghai could be strategically extruded to produce a topography of “skyscrapers.”
With those ideas in mind, Zhou enlisted three of his architecture students to create Textscape, a series of printed sculptures for “Topo Dialogue.” Pieces took between three and six hours to 3-D print, depending on the complexity. His visual way of interacting with words proved so popular that the Hawaii School for the Deaf and Blind started using the series as an educational tool for its students.