Advertisement
Continue to Site »

site_header_zone


 
Trending
FIT Honors Provocative Design Firm LOT-EK
Ada Tolla and Giuseppe Lignano. Photo by Danny Bright.   ...
Mitchell Gold + Bob Williams Secures Icon Status With 25th Anniversary
Mitchell Gold and Bob Williams. This year, Mitchell Gold + ...
Salone del Mobile 2014
  Product highlights, news, interviews, video and more from our ...
10 Questions With… Bryan Shiles
  Despite being a fairly young architecture firm, nine-year-old WRNS ...
ASID Names 2014 Design Awards Winners
Tailored Hair Salon interiors by Amy Campos. Photography by ACA. ...

JOB ZONE

jobseekers:

employers:

Weekly Poll
What does Spring mean for the design industry?

    industry_article_detail_left_zone

    1930 - 1958: The Dawn of "Architectural" Office Lighting

    Having technology to light large spaces did not mean it was always done effectively. Many consider Richard Kelly, the man who pioneered concepts in focal lighting, ambient lighting, and day lighting, one of the world's first true architectural lighting designers.

     

    Kelly (b. 1910) opened his first lighting design office in 1935. In the pre-World War II years, he noticed that new architectural forms, including larger pieces of facade glass and modern interior aesthetics, would require new concepts in lighting. "There weren't lighting consultants then. Nobody would pay for my ideas," Kelly once explained. But by selling fixtures and consulting on their integration into buildings, he became more involved with architects.

     

    In 1944, Kelly graduated from Yale University with a BA in architecture and began to call himself an architectural lighting consultant, becoming one of the first lighting specialists to operate independently of manufacturers and engineers. His lighting design for the Seagram Building, completed in 1958, turned the building into a tower of light and became the first true example of luminous office architecture in the country.

    Fast Facts

    The Empire State Building
    Though it was the tallest building in the world when completed in 1931, the Empire State Building's 6,500 windows let in little natural light, relying on swaths of fluorescent lighting.

    Richard Kelly
    Born in 1910, Kelly opened his first lighting design office in 1935, pioneering the field of architectural lighting design.

    The Seagram Building
    Kelly was commissioned as lighting designer for the 1958 Seagram Building, the first example of luminous office architecture in the U.S.

     

    Other towers lauded for their grandeur on the skyline were not as successful from a lighting standpoint. Though it was the tallest building in the world when completed in 1931, the Empire State Building's 6,500 windows let in little natural light, and its tens of thousands of square feet of office space were characterized by swaths of fluorescent lighting that remained on whether spaces were occupied or not. When Chicago's Sears Tower (now Willis Tower) was completed in 1973, it used a heat-by-light system with air ducts to pipe warmth from light fixtures into office spaces.

     

    <

    >>1959 - 2000: Halogens, Track Lighting and Controls 

     

     

     

     

    industry_article_detail_central_zone