site_header_zone


 
Trending
Marble Trends Spotted at London Design Festival
Building on its virality at Salone del Mobile in Milan ...
Fabrica Installs Extra-Ordinary Gallery at Ace Hotel London
Photography by Peter Guenzel/Ace Hotel London Shoreditch.   At first ...
Herman Miller Targets Office Nomads With Design Challenge
Jot that office product idea down now: It could be ...
Brown Jordan Acquires Tropitone Furniture
Skye chaise lounge by Brown Jordan.   Leading outdoor furniture ...
Harry Hinson, A Stalwart of American Design, Dies at 76
Photo courtesy of The Peak of Chic.   The passing ...

JOB ZONE

jobseekers:

employers:

 
Weekly Poll
Which September trade show are you dying to attend?

    industry_article_detail_left_zone

    1930 - 1958: The Dawn of "Architectural" Office Lighting

    Having technology to light large spaces did not mean it was always done effectively. Many consider Richard Kelly, the man who pioneered concepts in focal lighting, ambient lighting, and day lighting, one of the world's first true architectural lighting designers.

     

    Kelly (b. 1910) opened his first lighting design office in 1935. In the pre-World War II years, he noticed that new architectural forms, including larger pieces of facade glass and modern interior aesthetics, would require new concepts in lighting. "There weren't lighting consultants then. Nobody would pay for my ideas," Kelly once explained. But by selling fixtures and consulting on their integration into buildings, he became more involved with architects.

     

    In 1944, Kelly graduated from Yale University with a BA in architecture and began to call himself an architectural lighting consultant, becoming one of the first lighting specialists to operate independently of manufacturers and engineers. His lighting design for the Seagram Building, completed in 1958, turned the building into a tower of light and became the first true example of luminous office architecture in the country.

    Fast Facts

    The Empire State Building
    Though it was the tallest building in the world when completed in 1931, the Empire State Building's 6,500 windows let in little natural light, relying on swaths of fluorescent lighting.

    Richard Kelly
    Born in 1910, Kelly opened his first lighting design office in 1935, pioneering the field of architectural lighting design.

    The Seagram Building
    Kelly was commissioned as lighting designer for the 1958 Seagram Building, the first example of luminous office architecture in the U.S.

     

    Other towers lauded for their grandeur on the skyline were not as successful from a lighting standpoint. Though it was the tallest building in the world when completed in 1931, the Empire State Building's 6,500 windows let in little natural light, and its tens of thousands of square feet of office space were characterized by swaths of fluorescent lighting that remained on whether spaces were occupied or not. When Chicago's Sears Tower (now Willis Tower) was completed in 1973, it used a heat-by-light system with air ducts to pipe warmth from light fixtures into office spaces.

     

    <

    >>1959 - 2000: Halogens, Track Lighting and Controls 

     

     

     

     

    industry_article_detail_central_zone